James Gillray was a draughtsman, etcher and engraver of caricatures, mainly after his own designs. He studied at the Royal Academy Schools and learned the technique of stipple engraving from William Wynne Ryland and Francesco Bartolozzi. Gillray produced several serious plates in this medium after his own designs and after paintings by Northcote, while simultaneously establishing himself as a caricaturist. By the end of 1791 all his caricatures were published by Mrs Hannah Humphrey, with whom he lived for the rest of his life. In 1807 his eyesight began to deteriorate and in the same year he had a breakdown. By 1810 he was considered insane. Gillray attempted suicide the following year, eventually dying at his home in Westminster, aged 58.
Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. These cookies do not store any personal information.
Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website.