Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales (1594-1612) eldest son of King James VI & I

  • About the work
    Location
    Country: Other
    City: in conservation

    Henry, Prince of Wales is depicted in an angled pose and with a distinctive square-shaped lace collar. These features are seen in another portrait of the Prince by Robert Peake, in the collection of the Bodleian Library, Oxford. The earliest known portrait by Peake also depicts ‘Henry, Prince of Wales’ (1603; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York). Peake produced several portraits of the young prince and may have been his official portraitist. The artist was also employed on the decoration of Henry’s warship, ‘Prince Royal’, for which he painted ‘diverse histories’ within the cabins.

    The painting considered Peake’s masterpiece is his immense portrait of ‘Henry, Prince of Wales on Horseback’ (Parham Park, East Sussex), which shows Henry accompanied by Time, an elderly, naked, winged figure. In 1612, the year Henry died at the age of just 18, Peake was employed to paint three pictures of Henry’s younger brother, the future King Charles I.

  • About the artist
    Robert Peake came from a Lincolnshire family. He was apprenticed to a London goldsmith in 1565 and worked as a decorative painter at the court of Elizabeth I in 1576. Peake was appointed Serjeant Painter to James I after his accession in 1607, a post Peake shared with John de Critz (c.1552-1642). Peake was later official artist to Henry, Prince of Wales and may have been his official portraitist. Other examples of his portraits of the Prince are in the collections of the National Portrait Gallery, London, and the Royal Collection, Windsor.
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    People
    Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales
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    Materials & Techniques
    panel, oil, oil painting
  • Details
    Title
    Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales (1594-1612) eldest son of King James VI & I
    Date
    Medium
    Oil on panel
    Dimensions
    height: 56.50 cm, width: 44.00 cm
    Acquisition
    Purchased from Mrs Alford (Nan Broackes), December 1957
    Provenance
    Collection of Mrs Alford (Nan Broackes); from whom purchased by the Ministry of Works in December 1957
    GAC number
    3974