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Pietro Sforza Pallavicino (1607-1667) Italian cardinal and historian

  • About the work
    Location
    Country: Holy See
    City: Vatican City
    Place: British Embassy
    Cardinal Pietro Sforza Pallavicini is known for his theological and literary works, particularly his refutation of Paolo Sarpi’s History of the Council of Trent. Sarpi’s account of the Council (1545–1563) convened to address the claims of Protestantism was held to be hostile, and Pallavicini was directed by the Pope himself to write a refutation. Pallavicini resigned his professorship of theology at the Collegium Romanum in 1651 to devote himself to the writing of this work. The first editions of his History of the Council of Trent were published in two volumes in 1656 and 1657, and a new edition in three volumes was brought out in 1664. Pallavicini’s reputation would have been well established by the time this portrait was painted in 1663. 
  • Explore
    People
    Pallavicino, Pietro Sforza
    Places
    Materials & Techniques
    canvas, oil, oil painting
  • Details
    Title
    Pietro Sforza Pallavicino (1607-1667) Italian cardinal and historian
    Date
    1663
    Medium
    Oil on canvas
    Dimensions
    height: 72.50 cm, width: 62.50 cm
    Acquisition
    Purchased from the British Museum, June 1946.
    Inscription
    tc: CARD SFORZA PALLAVICINUS 1663
    Provenance
    Collection of antiquary Smart Lethieullier (1701-1760); by whom presented to British Museum on 3 May 1760; from whom purchased by the Ministry of Works in 1946
    GAC number
    23