John Jervis, Earl of St Vincent (1735-1823) Admiral
Mezzotintpublished 5 September 1797
- About the work
About the artist
Gilbert Charles Stuart was born near Saunderstown, Rhode Island; the son of an inventor and snuff-mill operator. At 14 he became an assistant to Scottish painter C. Alexander. He sailed to Scotland with Alexander in c.1772 but returned by 1774. He relocated to London in 1775 and worked in the studio of B. West. In London J. Boydell commissioned 15 portraits and Lord Percy at least three. Stuart married Charlotte Coates and had twelve children. He moved to Dublin in 1787 and was imprisoned for debt several times before leaving for New York. He worked there until 1795, when he moved to Philadelphia. Here, he met G. Washington, whom he painted three times. He moved to the District of Columbia in 1803 and to Boston in 1805, where he died at 72.
Printmaker and publisher John Raphael Smith is best known for his mezzotints. He was born in Derby and apprenticed to a linen draper. He began his artistic career painting miniatures and engraved his first mezzotint in 1769. In 1784 he became Mezzotint Engraver to the Prince of Wales. Smith produced thousands of prints during his career, which he distributed throughout the UK and to St Petersburg, Milan and Paris. However, after the French Revolution caused a decline in exports, he opened the Morland Gallery in King Street, Covent Garden, initially producing 36 prints after works by George Morland. Smith spent his final years travelling throughout Yorkshire, in response to commissions for pastel portraits. He died in Doncaster, aged c.61.