The Fore-Front and Back-Front of the Royal Hospital, Chelsea

Benjamin Cole ( - 1783)
18th century unknown

Coloured engraving

published 1756
  • About the work
    Location
    Country: Mongolia
    City: Ulaanbaatar
    Place: British Embassy

    This hand-coloured engraving shows an elevation and a perspective drawing of the Royal Hospital in Chelsea. The engraving was issued as Plate 85 of the second edition of William Maitland’s ‘The History of London’, published in 1756. Maitland was a wealthy merchant from Brechin in Scotland, who moved to London to become a history writer. ‘The History of London’, first published in 1739, was his chief work. It was made up of 200 sheets, including ‘a variety of copper plates’. Samuel Richardson (best-known as a novelist) printed the work, while William Henry Toms engraved 21 of the 24 plates.

    The second edition of ‘History’ was published in two volumes in 1756. Maitland (who died the following year) had increased the text by a further 600 pages. Although 120 plates were advertised, the second edition included 122 plates in total, 21 of which had been used in the earlier version. The additional plates were engraved by Benjamin Cole. Cole produced his engraved views of London buildings from the buildings themselves, from architect’s drawings or from scale models of the buildings. Some of the church views were engraved after plates in ‘Perspective Views of all the Ancient Churches’ (1736-39) by Robert West.

  • Explore
  • Details
    Title
    The Fore-Front and Back-Front of the Royal Hospital, Chelsea
    Date
    published 1756
    Medium
    Coloured engraving
    Acquisition
    Purchased from Baynton-Williams, February 1977
    GAC number
    12809