François Eugène de Savoie Carignan, was born in Paris, the youngest son of the prince of Savoy Carignan and a niece of Cardinal Mazarin. Following his father’s death in 1620, his mother’s banishment from court, and Louis XIV’s refusal to give him a commission, he renounced his country and entered the service of Emperor Leopold I against the Turks, and subsequently against the French in Italy. He defeated the Turks at Zenta, putting an end to their power in Hungary. In the War of the Spanish Succession he won with Marlborough the victories at Blenheim, Oudenaarde and Malplaquet. In the renewal of the war against the Turks he defeated of an army of 150,000 at Petrovaradin in 1716, took Timisoara, and after a desperate battle took Belgrade in 1717.
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